A life committed to learning.

Category: Agile

O que faz uma boa equipa?

Num artigo do Financial Post de Setembro, pode ler-se o seguinte:

“An effective team has to be able to respond quickly[…] And for that, we need a forum for robust dialogue.

A formally constituted team comes from the desire to work collaboratively […] There is a shared commitment to goals that has the support of individual team members, and in turn supports them.

An effective team […] contrasts with a more common hierarchical approach to business goals, “the command-and-control approach.”

The effective team are […] The Magnificent Seven rather than The Good, The Bad and The Ugly.

To have and effective teams […]Businesses need to shift from individual bonuses to team-based bonuses, to flatten out their reporting structure.

What may not be a Team? […] A committee is a weak variant of a team […] A team […] is the opposite of a committee in that it has a unifying purpose and values to which all members ascribe, despite their position within the organization.

How to build a team? […] Peer mentoring is a team learning system that lets people teach each other […] Workshops have their place in leadership development, but most corporations don’t have a significant way to transfer that knowledge into skills.”

Peer Mentorig […] challenges people to take ownership of their careers. As long as no direct reporting is involved, it works magically.

How a effective team looks like?[…] include enough people, and a good cross-section of skills. We call it collective intelligence. The worst thing to do is try to figure out things by yourself.

Ainda no mesmo artigo são sugeridas oito características de uma boa equipa:

EIGHT TEAM MUST-HAVES

  1. Must have a meaningful purpose that all members care about.
  2. Can’t be too large. Some experts suggest capping at 20. Field cautions against there being too little work for all members.
  3. Needs a diverse set of skills appropriate to the goals.
  4. Needs to be physically together. Even having some team members on different floors can hurt the team.
  5. Succeeds or fails together. No stars or scapegoats.
  6. Shares leadership. Of course there is one leader, but he or she should be willing to step aside when another team member’s skills are required.
  7. Has strong shared norms and expectations of behaviour. These are soft skills that often need to be taught.
  8. Needs time. “You lose advantages if you hurry,” Prof. Field says. “Slow it down for the process to work.”

Artigo original:

http://www.financialpost.com/story.html?id=2258320

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The Waterfall Manifesto (Just for fun)

Our experience has taught us to value:

  • Processes and tools over individuals and interactions
  • Comprehensive documentation over quality software
  • Contract negotiation over customer collaboration
  • Following THE initial plan over responding to change

That is, while you could be very lucky to work in a project with the items on the right (intelligent developers and customers working together, what are these agilists smoking?!?), you will never be fired for applying items on the left (or if you are, this is very unlucky or because you didn’t choose IBM).

http://www.waterfallmanifesto.org/

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Conflito e Colaboração

Dois tweets:

joaomrpereira: estou a criar conflitos 🙂 http://bit.ly/2AvQOU

joaomrpereira:como é que vêem o conflito na colaboração? de que maneira o conflito contribui, positivamente ou negativamente, para a colaboração?

E um artigo sobre Aikido : http://www.urbansim.org/pub/Research/ResearchPapers/Aikido%20and%20Software%20Engineering%20final%20accepted.pdf

Acho que o conflito é um elemento essencial à colaboração, por isso não vale a pena tentar resolver conflitos através de pequenas cedências, poderes, ataques pessoais, ignorando-os ou suavizando-os.

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Release Management – Chapter 8 Available

It’s now available for review the 8th chapter of the book “Agile Product Management: Turning Ideas into Winning Products with Scrum“.

I’ve introduced this book here in Portuguese.

I haven’t read it, but I will, I promise and I hope you, as an agile wannabe, read it too so you will not make anything stupid when planning your releases :).

This chapter deals with release management.  What is covered:

  • Planning the release and creating the release plan
  • Estimating product backlog items
  • Determining velocity
  • Managing cost
  • Dealing with risk
  • Tracking and reporting the progress
  • Practices for large projects including lookahead planning and pipelining

Have a nive reading.

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Don’t do objectives SMART. Do them Concrete first.

You’re in London in a conference assisting to a lot of talking about spreadsheets online. Everyone agrees that they suck in user experience. You’re feeling the agreement from audience that Excel is the standard in that matter.  (You can argue against this, but it’s not the point here!).

You have one team available to start working right now on this great new idea you have about spreadsheets online. You decided to take the risk and tweet  your team:

Our project is to build the next generation Online spreadsheet, that runs everywhere, every time and offers the ultimate user experience.

Wow. What a project.

“But what does it mean?” – your team tweet you back a minute later. Maybe they hit some analysis paralysis state and are wondering “wtf ultimate user experience is??”

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Scrum Quick Qizz

You’re the ScrumMaster for organization Foo and you’re working with  Team Bar. In the first sprint planning meeting you’re thinking that the team committed too much functionality from Product Backlog. You, the ScrumMaster, reminded the team that they are responsible for  committing only functionality that they can complete in a Sprint, and they can drop any functionality that they feel that cannot be completed.

The Team Bar strong believed that they can do so much work. They proceed with the Sprint.

At the sprint review meeting, the team demonstrated the functionality committed. The demo was guided by a script that team members follow consistently and religiously. Stakeholders at the meeting congratulated the team for the work done. At the end of the of the sprint review meeting, you started to play with the functionality delivered by the team and ignored the script they used to try different use cases. The software started to throw exceptions and crashing.

What went wrong?

A) The time spent in Spring Planning Meeting wasn’t enough.

B) The time allotted  for Spring Review Meeting wasn’t enough.

C) Team Bar ignored the rule of Sashimi.

D) Everything went ok. What’s the point?

What is you best guess? Why?

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Useless Gantt chart

Yeah, it’s true. I’m in a process of leaning and relearning. Fortunately I have the time to think about the usefulness of things we use in software development. 🙂

This week I came across the question:

“For what are Gantt charts useful?”

And because we live in knowledge the wisdom of the crowds era, I decided to throw an message in LinkedIn’s IT Project Manager group.

Let me start to quote my self in that question:

Are gantt charts useful for software projects?

Software projects are complex not only because the technology but mainly because the human behaviour. Humans collaborate to create solutions for complex problems, are Gantt charts useful to model human behaviour and collaboration?

It seems to me that Gantt charts are well suited for very predictive projects or production lines with machines, and software projects are everything but predictive. What is the point of using a technique that assumes a predictive future in a environment in constant change?

As far as I know, Henry Gantt worked with Frederick Taylor and I assume they had the same way of thinking. Now, if Taylor is a Theory X manager what’s the point to use their tools when you are a theory Y manager? Does it make any sense to use gantt charts to manager projects, specially SW projects?

Additionally, I heard from someone that the first time Henry Gantt introduced what we today know as Gantt charts never used the word projects, mainly because those charts were used to manage assembly and production lines… why are we using Gantt charts to manage the complexity of projects?

I received two answers, till now. One from Maryann Snider, PMP and other from William W. (Woody) Williams in the discussion.

These answers led me to think again in the usefulness of Gantt charts. My current opinion about Gantt charts is (as seen in LinkedIn discussion):

Ok, so a Gantt chart is only a communication chart, right? We can think of it as a tool for visual management if the stakeholders are educated in that way, I guess.

I understand that Gantt charts can be used to show critical path/s calculated with CPM (Critical Path Method).A lot of more tools and techniques exists to assist us in creating a tentative schedule, like the critical chain method as William mentioned. But at the end, a Gantt chart is only a tool for communication, right?

IMHO, there’s a risk with Gantt charts

PMI, for instance, as well as Agile Manifesto, promote face-to-face communication. The heavy use of Gantt charts can be seen as a risk when they start to flow, more than desired, through email within your organization.It’s not only a question of everyone seeing different versions of a project, it’s also a question about the wrong message your organization can be passing to stakeholders: email-communication culture is Ok.

I think we’re loosing sight of what its important in projects, the People. So, the use of Gantt charts for communication of project status, progress, etc should be revisited, IMHO. Moreover, I think that a “Go see” culture is the most effective way to access progress.

I’m not against the use of gantt charts in any way. I just have to believe in their utility before using them.

And you, how do you feel about the uselfulness of Gantt charts?

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The ScrumMaster is not useless

I’m back from the Certified ScrumMaster Course + and heard a lot of Craig Larman’s bad jokes 🙂

Last year I wrote this article where I expressed my feelings about the usefulness of the ScrumMaster. During the last three days I learned a lot useful and funny stuff about Scrum and Lean. I enjoyed leaning that the ScrumMaster is responsible to help the organization change to a more Lean mode of operation where, among other things, teams are self organized and self managed. I’ve also leaned that the ScrumMaster is not useless! ScrumMaster is a temporary but necessary waste!

And if you think about this, it is probably the truth. If you have a truly agile and lean organization for what you need a  ScrumMaster? To help in a goal already accomplished?

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